What is the gastric dilatation-volvulus in dogs?

Posted by Edward Cruz on


For humans, getting bloated after a big meal just requires a few glasses of water to flush it out. But for dogs, a bloat can turn into a fatal condition which is known as GDV or the gastric dilatation-volvulus. GDV is most commonly referred to as bloat, this is a rapidly-progressing gastrointestinal condition where the stomach flips upon itself and then distends with fluid and gas. It will result to your dog going into shock and it causes a great deal of pain.

GDV is common with large-breed, deep-chested dogs like Saint Bernard, Great Dane, Greyhound, Standard Poodle, and German Shepherd. It is usually associated with senior dogs and it is a condition that can affect any size, age or dog breed.

The most common sign of GDV in dogs is retching where your dog appears to be going to vomit but there is nothing coming out of the mouth. Abdominal pain is also a sign of GDV where in your dog looks anxious and looking back to his or her stomach, stretching and standing, or panting or drooling. After a little bit of time you will notice that your dog’s stomach looks swollen like he or she swallowed a soccer ball. However, the enlargement of stomach may not be obvious in larger dogs with more muscle mass because it can hide the enlarge stomach. Your dog will likely become week as the condition progresses and may even collapse or be unable to stand or walk.

It is advised to seek for immediate treatment the moment you see sign of GDV in dogs. The mortality rates for GDV in dogs range from approx 15 to 28%. The longer you delay the treatment, the worse will be it for your dog.

Owners may prevent the GDV by giving two or more smaller meals than letting them consume one large meal daily. It will not hurt them if you slow their food consumption. You may use feeding aids like a bloat bowl or training them to eat more slowly.


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